Long-term mass balance and energy balance monitoring of debris-covered and debris-free glaciers

Period: 2007 onwards

Research involved: Field measurements (glacier mass balance, glacier surface energy balance), melt modelling, satellite imagery analysis, ice cores, mostly on Changri Nup (debris-covered), Mera and Pokalde glaciers (uncovered)

  • People: Patrick Wagnon, Christian Vincent, Yves Arnaud, Etienne Berthier, Patrick Ginot and local partners
  • Institute: IRD and CNRS (LGGE, LTHE, LEGOS) / Ev-K2-CNR / local partners (ICIMOD, DHM, KU)
  • Funding: IRD, French National Agency
  • Project website:
  • People website:


Lejeune, Y., Bertrand, J-M., ; Wagnon, P., Morin, S., 2013: A physically based model of the year-round surface energy and mass balance of debris-covered glaciers Journal of Glaciology,  59, 214, pp. 327-344.


Gardelle, J., Berthier, E., Arnaud, Y., and Kääb, A., 2013: Region-wide glacier mass balances over the Pamir-Karakoram-Himalaya during 1999–2011, The Cryosphere, 7, 1263-1286, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1263-2013.


Wagnon, P., Vincent, C., Arnaud, Y., Berthier, E., Vuillermoz, E., Gruber, S., Ménégoz, M., Gilbert, A., Dumont, M., Shea, J. M., Stumm, D., and Pokhrel, B. K., 2013: Seasonal and annual mass balances of Mera and Pokalde glaciers (Nepal Himalaya) since 2007, The Cryosphere, 7, 1769-1786, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1769-2013.